Long-term blood pressure measurement

What is a long-term blood pressure measurement?

In the case of a long-term blood pressure measurement, the patient wears an upper-arm blood pressure cuff, usually for a period of 24 hours. At certain intervals, the cuff pumps itself up automatically. The blood pressures measured are saved by a small recording device. From the 40 to 60 measurements, the doctor then produces a daily blood pressure profile. This data enables conclusions on existing high blood pressure conditions or the effectiveness of blood-pressure-lowering medications. A blood pressure setting can also be easily adjusted and monitored.

When is a long-term blood pressure measurement necessary?

High blood pressure (arterial hypertension) can not only cause such symptoms as tiredness, agitation and headaches, but is also one of the main risk factors for heart and circulatory diseases such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke and arterial obstructive disease. It is therefore important to monitor the blood pressure of our patients regularly, and treat high blood pressure where necessary.

Since the blood pressure is subject to large fluctuations depending on the time of day or night, it is important to measure the blood pressure not just once, but to produce a long-term daily profile of the blood pressure.

Procedure

The patient is provided in our practice with a long-term blood pressure measurement device, which he usually wears for a period of 24 hours. The device is connected by a thin tube to an upper-arm cuff, which pumps itself up automatically at defined intervals. Throughout the day, the device automatically measures both the systolic and diastolic pressure every 15 minutes, and records it, with the interval being increased to 30 minutes at night. The data are evaluated at our clinic on the following day.

The measurement is carried out on the patient at home.

Risks

A long-term blood pressure measurement involves practically no risks.

Note

During the measurements, the patient should keep the arms as still as possible. It is important to carry out the measurements under normal daily conditions, i.e. on a day involving the normal daily routine.

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